Feb 11

Pro Wrestling returns to the Sean O’Casey Community Centre

CHAMPION : East Walls own  Darren Kearney , one half of the Tag-Team  'More Than Hype'

CHAMPION : East Walls own Darren Kearney , one half of the Tag-Team ‘More Than Hype’ performing at the Sean O’Casey Community Centre in 2018

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This Friday evening it’s the first Wrestling event of 2019 at the Sean O’Casey Community Centre . A day late, but will it be a St Valentines Massacre ? Our local champion Darren Kearney will no doubt be stealing the show as he defends his title as part of the tag team ‘More than Hype’ . Tickets available here :

https://www.eventbrite.ie/e/fight-factory-pro-wrestling-episode-7-love-graps-actually-tickets-54936541675

 

Jan 31

East Wall Youth – Awards Night , 1st February 2019

awardIt’s time to celebrate the wonderful achievements of the young people of East Wall Youth.

Over the past year the young people have been very busy doing a variety of programmes and participating in various youth action initiatives.

Join us on Friday 1st of February 2019 @ 6pm in the youth project to celebrate and recognise their achievements. There will be a short awards presentation on the night followed by some light refreshments. 

All are welcome to attend the more the merrier after-all ! 

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Jan 21

The first Dáil Éireann, the North Dock and Phil Shanahan TD

“We declare that we desire our country to be ruled in accordance with the principles of Liberty, Equality, and Justice for all, which alone can secure permanence of Government in the willing adhesion of the people.”

first dail

It was on the 21st January 1919 that the first Dáil Éireann assembled at the Mansion House, Dublin. The General election held in December of 1918 had been a landslide victory for Sinn Féin and an overwhelming endorsement of the ‘Irish Republic’. As per their election manifesto, those elected refused to take their seats as Members of Parliament in Westminster and established a parallel body, Dáil Éireann in defiance of British rule in Ireland.  The TD elected for this area (the Harbour Division) was Phil Shanahan, who took his place in the revolutionary assembly a century ago today.

phil Shanahan

The General election called for Great Britain & Ireland had been the first held since 1910. It was long overdue, postponed due to the Great War. In the intervening period of course, the Easter Rising had taken place and an Irish Republic declared by force of arms. This election was going to be different – united under the banner of the Sinn Féin party, Republican candidates pledged themselves to abstain from the Westminster Parliament. All the candidates chosen to represent Sinn Féin had been ‘out’ in 1916, with Phil Shanahan standing in the Harbour Division. This area included East Wall, North Wall, North Strand and other parts of the North Inner City.

Phil Shanahan was a publican, operating a premise at Foley Street, in the heart of the infamous ‘Monto’. Originally from Tipperary, Shanahan had been at the Jacobs garrison in Easter Week 1916, a member of the Irish Volunteers. He was jailed after the surrender and was among the 1,800 men interned at the Frongoch camp in Wales. His involvement with the insurrection created difficulties for the publican, and Timothy Healy (politician and barrister) noted:

“I had with me to-day a solicitor with his client, a Dublin publican named Phil Shanahan, whose licence is being opposed, and whose house was closed by the military because he was in Jacob’s during Easter week. I was astonished at the type of man – about 40 years of age, jolly and respectable. He said he “rose out” to have a “crack at the English” and seemed not at all concerned at the question of success or failure. He was a Tipperary hurler in the old days. For such a man to join the Rebellion and sacrifice the splendid trade he enjoyed makes one think there are disinterested Nationalists to be found. I thought a publican was the last man in the world to join a Rising.”

The main rival candidate to Shanahan was Alfie Byrne, North Wall born and a well-known politician and publican, with a premise on Talbot Street. Though he would go on to enjoy a record-breaking ten terms as Lord Mayor, Byrne was at that time a hate figure for Republicans and Trade Unionists in the area, with Jim Larkin having held a particular dislike for him.

Shanahan poster

Many of those who campaigned for Phil Shanahan were local activists. One of these was Tom Leahy, shipyard worker, trade unionist and 1916 veteran. Leahy had served at Annesley Bridge, Ballybough and the GPO garrison as a member of the Irish Volunteers, but on his return from internment joined the Citizen Army and was active in the Docklands area. He recalled:

“When the general election was declared to take place, our committee got into working order and a finer crowd of willing workers was hard to equal. Jim Lawless was Director of Election in the North Dock. While canvassing in the slums it was awful to behold where human beings had to sleep, eat and drink. No wonder the working classes were always ripe for revolt against their conditions. However, our work had its reward, for Phil, of course, won the seat, the first and last time from Alfie, who still holds it in the Dáil. He fought very hard to retain it at that time. During one of our meetings down the Church Road, in East Wall, we met with a very hostile crowd who were mostly all Scotch people working in the Dockyard, and the followers of Alfie were also strong there. When I rose to open the meeting and to introduce Sean T. O’Kelly and Jim Lawless, also Phil Shanahan, we were met with a shower of sods and Union Jack Flags waving all around us, but it did not last long, as the precaution was taken beforehand for this, and a company of 2nd Battalion Volunteers were near at hand and, with batons, cleared the place of the objectors in quick time. We were allowed to hold our meeting without interruption after that. After the election was over and results known there was great rejoicing in the North Wall camp and a great blow to Alfie Byrne and his followers.”

These newspaper reports from December 1918 illustrate how passionately voters in the Harbour Division supported the republican candidate:

 “Dublin Dockyard workers also made a rather striking demonstration. Immediately they knocked off work at 1.30 they assembled outside the shipyard, and headed by the O’Toole pipers, they marched to Marlborough St. polling station (Harbour Division), and every one of the 300 of them displayed the Shanahan badge. They carried a banner, on which was inscribed- ‘Shipyard workers want freedom- not slavery’. They were enthusiastically greeted.”

Another incident was described when: “A body of workers marched to a booth bearing a scroll with the legend ‘We won’t vote for Byrne’. The great majority of women voters in some districts were openly S.F.”

vote-sinn-fein

This was of course the first occasion where women could not only vote but also could contest an election. Two women were chosen to stand for Sinn Féin, Countess Markievicz successfully in a Dublin constituency and Winifred Carney unsuccessfully in Belfast. The total electorate of the Harbour constituency was just over nineteen and a half thousand potential voters, consisting of 11,763 men and 7,757 women. There was a 67% turnout on December 14th.

The Alfie Byrne camp could obviously sense his defeat was a real possibility and seemed to engage in deliberate petty harassment at the polling station. At least one man was identified by them as an impersonator, arrested but afterwards released with no charge. Even the candidate himself was not spared:

“The S.F. organisation was best in the Harbour Division, and cars with their colours were everywhere busy…. When Mr. P Shanahan (S.F.) went to vote for himself he was objected to and had to be sworn before voting”.

Shanahan defeated Byrne by 7,708 votes to 5,386. In Dublin the SF party returned 9 of the 11 available seats, losing only in strongly unionist constituencies of Rathmines and Pembroke. Nationally, they won 73 of the 105 seats, consigning the Irish Parliamentary Party to the history books and receiving an endorsement for the pursuit of an Irish Republic.

Election 1918 results

As per the commitment in their manifesto , none of the victorious SF candidates would take their seats at the Westminster Parliament .Early in the new year those elected took this oath -  ”I hereby pledge myself to work for the establishment of an independent Irish republic; that I will accept nothing less than complete separation from England in settlement of Ireland’s claims; and that I will abstain from attending the English Parliament” and on 21st January 1919 first Dáil Éireann was convened at the Mansion House , Dublin.

There was a slightly surreal scene on the afternoon of this first historic meeting, as recorded by the Irish Times:

“It was the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly summoned by the Sinn Fein Party. By a striking coincidence, the Mansion House was on the same day the scene of another and very different assembly, called for the purpose of according a public reception to the gallant soldiers of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who have been prisoners of war in Germany.

A city trader who was an interested spectator at the departure of the cheering soldiers and the arrival of the first of the Sinn Feiners in Dawson street made the comment on the scene: ‘No city in Europe can beat Dublin after all’ – which evoked a hearty laugh from the bystanders.”

Fusiliers at Mansion House

Photo taken at second session of Dáil Éireann , Phil Shanahan in back row.

Photo taken at second session of Dáil Éireann , Phil Shanahan in back row.

Though invited, the small number of successful Irish Parliamentary Party members nor the 26 Unionist representatives chose to attend. Less than half of the Sinn Féin TD’s were present, with the roll call for the day listing many as ‘fé ghlas ag Gallaibh’ (Imprisoned by the foreign enemy). This included Countess Markievicz, Eamonn DeValera and Arthur Griffith. Phil Shanahan TD was among those in attendance, accompanied by many of those who helped elect him, as recalled by Thomas Leahy:

 “Later on, when the members of the First Dail, who were not in prison, met for their first public session to form their government in the Mansion House, I attended with Phil Shanahan, Jim Lawless, Peadar Carney, Tom Slator and a few others I cannot remember… I can still see that day as it took place before the world and looking around then, I wondered what people were thinking -was it about Easter Week and the glorious deed”.

The business of the first Dáil Éireann was conducted entirely in the Irish language, and the order of business comprised of the reading of the Constitution of the Dáil, the Declaration of Irish Independence, the Democratic Programme and a Message to the Free Nations of the World. This called upon every free nation to uphold Ireland’s “national claim to complete independence as an Irish Republic – against the arrogant pretensions of England founded in fraud and sustained only by an overwhelming military occupation”.

A more complete assembly of  Dáil Éireann in April 1919 , Phil Shanahan again in back row.

A more complete assembly of Dáil Éireann in April 1919 , Phil Shanahan again in back row.

In addition to the events taking place in Dublin on 21st January 1919 another group of men with the Irish Republic as their goal were busy. In Soloheadbeg, County Tipperary volunteers of the Irish Republican Army ambushed members of the Royal Irish Constabulary, shooting two dead and capturing their weapons and a consignment of explosives they were transporting. This was regarded the opening confrontation of the Anglo-Irish war (or War of Independence) which would continue until the truce in July of 1921. What followed was a period in which the political and military campaigns often overlapped, and Phil Shanahan TD was also part of the war effort.

Shanahans Public House in Foley Street was a well-known meeting point for republican activists, and a clearing house (of sorts) for captured, stolen or purchased weapons. The fact that it was at the centre of one of the largest red-light districts in Europe helped, and many a British soldier or auxillary frequenting the area was relieved of his firearms, which ended up passing through Shanahans. Not all weapons were passed over involuntarily, as one republican recalled

“We procured quite a large number of arms by purchasing them from British military. A lot of British soldiers used to frequent Phil Shanahan’s public house and it was there most of the contacts were made.”

Quite a few memoirs by Republican activists from this era mention this activity. Thomas Leahy recalls this (and mentions also the famous footballer, pigeon racer and East Wall resident ‘Cocker’ Dalys role):

“Several British naval vessels came to the Dockyard for repairs as the firm was on the Government list for such and several raids were made on these vessels for arms when most of the crew were ashore. Any other ships we thought had arms were searched also. One man named Pat Daly was very daring in that line. He was over 6 ft. in height and very strong, and many a rifle and ammunition was brought to Phil Shanahan’s shop in Foley St.”

According to the North Inner-City Folklore project:

 “During the War of Independence his pub in Foley Street was a meeting place for many top-ranking IRA men including Michael Collins who was a frequent visitor. The legendary ‘Big Four’ – Sean Treacy, Dan Breen, Sean Hogan and Seamus Robinson often stayed in the upstairs rooms over the pub. Men on the run from British from all parts of the Country came to Phil’s pub. Many important meetings were held in the upstairs rooms while local newsboys organised by Shanahan for intelligence purposes kept watch in the immediate vicinity for British troops and Black and Tans.”

A large group of 1920 Mountjoy hunger strikers , including Phil Shanahan.

A large group of 1920 Mountjoy hunger strikers , including Phil Shanahan.

In April of 1920 Shanahan was arrested and detained at Mountjoy prison, were he joined in a mass hunger strike demanding the return of political status for republican prisoners. In May of 1921 he was again elected, again abstaining from the Westminster Parliament and joining 125 Sinn Fein TD’s in the second Dáil. In 1922 he failed to get elected – he stood as an anti-treaty candidate , in an election which nationally saw Sinn Fein split allegiances ( with 58 elected as pro treaty and 36 as anti-treaty) and Alfie Byrne also returned.

According to the North Inner-City folklore project, the pub finally closed in 1927. Shanahan was in poor health and was confined to bed in a room above the pub. The local were aware of his generosity and continued to bring him food to sustain him. When news of his condition reached friends, they arrived at the boarded-up pub, and moved him to a lodging house at North Frederick Street owned by a Mrs Breen. When his condition improved, he returned to his hometown Hollyford in County Tipperary. He died a few years afterwards in 1931, aged 57 years old.

In the 1950’s one of the new flat blocks in Sheriff Street was named Phil Shanahan House in his honour. This has since been demolished. In 2014 the North Inner-City Folklore Project erected a plaque at the location where his public house once stood.

Phil Shanahan (1874 to 1931)

Phil Shanahan in uniform (Image source:   Tom Shanahan)

Phil Shanahan in uniform (Image source: Tom Shanahan)

On this day, 21 January 2019, which marks the centenary of the first Dáil Éireann we remember these words from the Democratic Programme, as presented on that historic occasion:

 “It shall be the first duty of the Government of the Republic to make provision for the physical, mental and spiritual well-being of the children, to secure that no child shall suffer hunger or cold from lack of food, clothing, or shelter, but that all shall be provided with the means and facilities requisite for their proper education and training as Citizens of a Free and Gaelic Ireland.”

 

For corrections , clarification , further information and to provide additional images contact :

 

eastwallhistory@gmail.com

Dec 24

Wishing you a very Merry Christmas 2018

John Moran Christmas photo(Photo : John Moran , used with permission)

Dec 14

“ARE YOU A BUTTON MAN ?” – Saturday 15th December @ EPIC , CHQ

Are you a button man 2

Dec 09

Rory O’Connor , Jack Nalty and the chess-set fit for heroes

Rory O'Connor rememberedOn the 8th December 1922  four republican prisoners were executed by the Free State at Mountjoy Gaol . The evening before one of the men, Rory O’Connor, had been playing chess with his comrades. Upon receiving the news of his sentence , he handed his chess set to fellow prisoner , the North Wall man Bill Gannon . This set is still proudly held by the Gannon family , and featured in the recent RTE show “National Treasures”. Dara Gannon tells shares the history of his family , the chess set and it’s place in Republican history:

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“The Gannon family, the ‘Nalty chess set’ and the comradeship of heroes” 

 

Most people in Ireland grew up with a picture of the Pope, Padraig Pearse or JFK in pride of place on the wall. The Gannon family had a picture of James Connolly in their houses over three generations. My Great Grandmother Mary Leonard originally hung it in Jane Place off Oriel Street, from where her husband Johnny had joined Jim Larkins Union and was locked out. The same portrait was hanging in the Gannon home on Middle Mountjoy Street in 1936 when Jack Nalty & Frank Ryan played chess the night before they off for Spain.

 The chess set had belonged to Rory O’Connor and was given to Bill Gannon in Mountjoy Jail. Both had been in the Four Courts at the outbreak of the Civil War and subsequently jailed together. On 8th December 1922 O’Connor was executed alongside Dick Barrett, Liam Mellows & Joe McKelvey. Having played on it the evening before his death, he handed the set to Bill saying he wouldn’t be needing it now. The man who signed their death warrants (and a total of 77 executed Republicans) was Kevin O’Higgins, an act that would have fatal repercussions. Bill was part of a three-man IRA group which shot O’Higgins dead at Booterstown five years later.

Rory O'Connor as best man at wedding of Kevin O'Higgins . They were on opposing sides in the Civil War , with fatal consequences for both men.

Rory O’Connor as best man at wedding of Kevin O’Higgins . They were on opposing sides in the Civil War , with fatal consequences for both men.

Despite this poignant history, the chess set was always associated with Jack Nalty, not Rory O’Connor nor even Frank Ryan, who spilt whisky on it that last night in Dublin. The family have consistently obeyed the instruction “never clean the stain off that board as it was made by an Irish Hero”. My Grandfather always just simply called him Nalty, & the set was known as ‘Nalty’s chess set’ in the family. It was passed to my father Pat Gannon when Bill went to New Zealand before the second world war.

Jack_Naltys_Chess_Set

The Gannon’s were a well-read Republican family who were involved in the Lockout, the War of Independence, the Civil War, left wing politics and the Spanish Civil War. My father (who is 82) was born the same year Jack Nalty went to Spain. While many anecdotes and passed down memories have survived, this is not a historically researched piece, it is a family history that is worthy of further expansion.

 The Gannon family moved from North County Dublin (near Oldtown) to the North Dock. My Great Grandparents Johnny Gannon and Mary (nee Leonard) were described by Mick O’Riordan as “a 1913 striker and a Fenian”. Johnny was a carter on the Docks, and according to family lore he wanted to be the first man to join Jim Larkins Union but having gone out celebrating the night before and he ended up being number 7 in line to sign up. Their children, my Grandfather Pat (Pa) Gannon and his siblings Mai, Bridie, Maggie, Bill, and Jack were brought up in a house where politics and progressive ideas were expressed openly.

'Pa' and Bill Gannon on O'Connell Street 1954

‘Pa’ and Bill Gannon on O’Connell Street 1954

The Gannon boys were students in Laurence O’Tooles on Seville Place, where prominent Irish Republican Brotherhood man Frank Cahill was a teacher. At the outbreak of the War of Independence Bill became involved with the IRA. Frank Teeling, a neighbour in Jane Place was part of Michael Collins Squad so I assume Bill became active through him. Pa Gannon was also involved but not to the same extent. According to family folklore Bill was ‘out’ on Bloody Sunday 1920. One account identifies him (with two other men) as bringing a Lewis Machine gun from the city centre to Coolock and then back the next day, possibly in a stolen car. I have also heard that Bill was involved in the burning down of the Customs House, being one of the men who escaped the British cordon thrown up after the initial assault. He put his gun in a bin and went into a barbers or dentists on Beresford Place and skipped the queue. When soldiers came in they arrested the man at the end of the queue. Many experienced IRA men were not so lucky. Bill was also in the Four Courts in 1922. Before the age of 20 he had been present at the destruction of two of Dublin’s most iconic buildings.

Bill Gannon avoided capture at the attack on the Custom House 1922

Bill Gannon avoided capture at the attack on the Custom House 1922

He was also at Connolly Hall on Strand Street when it was firebombed by a mob of anti-communist protestors in the 1930’s. Bill’s sister Maggie (‘Peggy’) had by this time married Sean Murray of Cushendall, a War of Independence veteran. Sean had gone to Moscow after the October Revolution and studied at the Lenin school there, and afterwards was a founding member of the Irish Communist Party.

Bill was a bus driver, while ‘Pa’ was a plumber. ‘Pa’ would have known Jack Nalty from working on the oil terminals in the Docks, and through the IRA and other political activity the Gannon’s, Nalty and Kit Conway became close friends. One anecdote tells of Kit Conway relieving young Gardai of handguns, which were given to young fellas who passed them onto Bill Gannon who was watching a Matinee (Cowboys & Indians) in the North Strand Cinema.

 With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Bill Gannon and Sean Murray were instrumental in organising support from Ireland. According to one account “…the decision was taken to form an Irish unit for the Spanish Republican Army. The Communist Party of Ireland gave the task of recruitment and organisation to Bill Gannon, a Party member who had considerable experience of political work in the Irish Republican Army”. Bill was reputed to have wanted to go to Spain but Sean would not let him go as he was married with children. It was preferable that younger, single men like Nalty, Conway, O’Riordan & Tommy Woods would carry on the fight. Many of their friends and comrades would never return.

Kit Conway obit

 Memorial meeting Crop

Jack Nalty never received a burial but is remembered on the family grave in Glasnevin Cemetery Dublin. Bill Gannon is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Harold’s Cross, Dublin. Jim Prendergast, a fellow IRA man and International Brigadier shares the unconsecrated grave. The funeral of Bill Gannon in 1965 caused upset as both tricolour and hammer & sickle flags were placed on the coffin before his burial. This was front page news in the Evening Herald and Irish Press, described as an outrage and affront to the National flag.

Bill Gannons funeral 1965

Bill Gannons funeral 1965

 Bill Gannon and Jim Prendergast grave

Jack Nalty is still remembered by the Gannon family to this day and each time the chess set is played upon his name is spoken…with pride.

Nalty Chess setThis article by Dara Gannon originally appeared in the commemorative booklet to commemorate the 80th anniversary of the death of Jack Nalty . Available from Connolly Books , Essex Street , Dublin or contact 

eastwallhistory@gmail.com

Nalty Cover

 

Images credits :

Dara Gannon and Gannon family

Nugent family (relatives of Jack Nalty)

Rory O’Connor material -  Toírdhealach ó Braoín

 Conway obituary was published in the Daily Worker , New York in March 1937 Courtesy – Belinda

Nov 30

East Wall Christmas Festival 2018

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Nov 12

Civil Rights , Suffragettes and a Deadly flu – History Talks at the Sean O’Casey Theatre

We shall overcome

1918

StackingtheCoffins

A series of talks hosted by the East Wall History Group throughout November 2018 . All welcome to these FREE events.

 

DCC logo (1) (1)

Supported by Dublin City Council

 

Nov 11

Songs of the Dublin Docklands and the Great War :

 

This is a selection of songs by Paul O’Brien we are sharing today , a century after the Great War ended .

The songs are all based on real people , local men who lost their lives in that terrible conflict .

While there are different opinions on how we should remember or commemorate these events of 100 years ago , nobody disagrees that World War One represented an horrific loss of life and the thousands of Irishmen (and millions of other nationalities) should never be forgotten .

Nimmo-roll-on-the-end

If you have any family stories or photos from this period you wish to share please contact :

eastwallhistory@gmail.com

 

Oct 31

A wide variety of shows at the Sean O’Casey Theatre , November 2018 :

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